Capoten (Captopril) Dosage and Side Effects
CAPOTEN is used to treat high blood pressure. The drug is also given to improve odds of survival after a heart attack, to help heart failure, and to treat kidney problems caused by diabetes.
Warnings and Precautions
Before taking CAPOTEN, tell your doctor if you have, or have ever had:
•A connective tissue disease such as Marfan syndrome, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, or Sjögren’s syndrome
•High levels of potassium in the blood
•Allergies to medicines (especially other ACE inhibitors)
Also, let your physician know if you have diabetes and take a medicine that contains aliskiren (such as Amturnide, Tekturna, Tekamlo, or Valturna).
Your healthcare provider will probably tell you not to take CAPOTEN.
Follow your doctor’s dietary instructions carefully while taking this medicine.
Talk to your doctor before using any salt substitutes that contain potassium while taking CAPOTEN.
Drink plenty of water while taking CAPOTEN. Vomiting, diarrhea, or excessive sweating may cause you to become dehydrated during your treatment.
Tell your healthcare provider that you’re taking CAPOTEN before having any type of surgery, including a dental procedure.
CAPOTEN may cause false results on certain laboratory tests. Tell all healthcare professionals who treat you that you’re taking the drug.
CAPOTEN helps control high blood pressure, but it won’t cure the condition.
Continue to take the drug even if you feel well. Don’t stop taking CAPOTEN without first talking to your doctor.
Your doctor will want to perform frequent tests to check your body’s response to CAPOTEN. Keep all appointments with your doctor and laboratory.
Pregnancy and CAPOTEN
CAPOTEN contains a black-box warning because it can harm an unborn baby.
Don’t take CAPOTEN if you’re pregnant. Tell your doctor right away if you become pregnant while taking CAPOTEN.
Be sure to use an effective form of birth control while taking this drug.
CAPOTEN can pass into breast milk. Talk to your doctor before breastfeeding while taking this drug.
Common Side Effects of CAPOTEN
Tell your doctor if any of the following side effects become severe or don’t go away:
•Mild itching or skin rash
•Numbness, tingling, or burning sensation in your hands or feet
•Salty or metallic taste, or reduced ability to taste
Serious Side Effects of CAPOTEN
Tell your doctor right away if you experience any of the following serious side effects:
•Fast, slow, or pounding heartbeat
•Rapid weight gain
•Little or no urination
•Prolonged diarrhea or vomiting
•Signs of an infection (may include fever, sore throat, or chills)
•Signs of an allergic reaction (may include hives, rash, itching, chest tightness, or swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat)
Interactions with this medication
Tell your doctor about all prescription, non-prescription, illegal, recreational, herbal, nutritional, or dietary drugs you’re taking, especially those listed in the CAPOTEN Warnings section above, and any of the following:
•Aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), especially indomethacin (Indocin, Tivorbex)
•Diuretics (water pills)
•Eskalith or Lithobid (lithium)
•Nitrates such as Isordil and BiDil (isosorbide dinitrate), Monoket (isosorbide mononitrate), or Nitro-Dur and Nitrostat (nitroglycerin)
CAPOTEN and Alcohol
Alcohol can increase certain side effects of CAPOTEN.
Talk to your doctor before drinking alcohol while taking this medicine.
CAPOTEN and Other Interactions
CAPOTEN may make you dizzy.
Don’t drive or perform activities that require alertness until you know how the drug affects you.
Proper Use of this medication
CAPOTEN comes as a tablet to take by mouth. It’s typically taken two to three times a day.
Your dosage will be based on your medical condition and response to treatment.
Take CAPOTEN on an empty stomach. It’s best to take it one hour before a meal.
Try to take this medicine around the same time each day.
Follow the instructions on your prescription label carefully. Don’t take more or less CAPOTEN than is recommended.
Symptoms of a CAPOTEN overdose may include:
If you suspect an overdose, contact a poison control center or emergency room immediately.
Missed Dose of CAPOTEN
If you miss a dose of CAPOTEN, take it as soon as you remember.
But skip the missed dose if it’s almost time for your next scheduled dose.
Don’t double up on doses to make up for a missed one.