Actos (Pioglitazone) Product Information
Actos or generic Pioglitazone is a prescription medication used to lower high blood sugar caused by Type 2 diabetes. Actos belongs to a class of medication called Thiazolidinediones which help your body use insulin properly.
What is Actos Used For?
Diabetics need to control blood sugar and it is not always possible to do it without the help of medication. Actos, which is also known as pioglitazone, is designed to help diabetics keep blood sugar level under control in combination with a healthier diet and plenty of exercise to see the best results. It will be prescribed if you have type 2 diabetes mellitus, but it will not be given when type 1 diabetes is present.
It is important that Actos is taken exactly how your doctor tells you to take it, and there will be additional details on the enclosed leaflet which should be followed as well. The doctor may decide that the initial dosage was not correct and will want to change it.
Actos can be taken either with or without food. Even when taking it, it will be a good idea to keep snacks close to hand and it is not suitable for those patients who are under 18.
For an adult with type 2 diabetes and who does not have congestive heart failure, it will be an initial treatment of 1 tablet each day of between 15 mg and 30 mg. if there is congestive heart failure, then it will be just the one 15 mg tablet a day.
If it is shown to be effective and has the diabetes under control, then it will be prescribed as a tablet each day between 15 mg and 45 mg. It will only work on patients where the body is producing its own insulin, and alterations to that may mean dosage being changed.
There is a chance that some side effects may occur when you are taking Actos. If you have problems with breathing or your throat and tongue are swollen, seek emergency help. If any of the following happens, stop taking Actos and get in touch with your doctor. The symptoms are:
- Anything that may indicate liver damage
- Dark urine and stools that are the color of clay
- Loss of appetite
There are other symptoms that may start. They include:
- Tiredness and shortness of breath
- Swelling or quick weight gain
- Problems urinating, an increased need to urinate or urine that has a red or pink tint
- Problems with your eyes and headaches
- Symptoms of a cold mixed with muscle pain
When you know that there are ingredients in Actos that you are allergic to, you should not take it. It is also not to be taken by anyone who has had heart failure. If you have any of the following conditions tell your doctor as it will help them to decide whether or not to prescribe it, and if they do what mg to give:
- Severe heart problems or a stroke
- Bladder cancer – there is a risk that this medication could be the cause of this as well
- Liver disease
- Eye problems that have been brought on as a result of diabetes
There is also an increased risk of pregnancy or breaking a bone when a woman is taking this. It is also not known if it is safe to breastfeed.