Inflammation of the eye often results from an infection by viruses or bacteria. But inflammation of the eye can also be nonspecific. Different clinical pictures are distinguished depending on which parts of the eye are affected. It is advisable to visit your eye doctor because inflammation of the eye can also progress to a severe form.
When an eye is inflamed, it entails an inflammatory process around the eye. It can affect different parts of the eye. The term “inflammation of the eye” serves as an umbrella term for the various inflammatory diseases. Different symptoms and complaints are prevalent depending on the clinical picture. In rare cases, there can be a serious disease present which is a threat to the eyesight.
Most commonly, inflammation affects the conjunctiva, followed by the cornea and the eyelid.
Many symptoms of eye inflammation overlap with those of dry eyes. These include:
- foreign body sensation
- watery eyes
On top of that other, more specific symptoms can occur:
- eyelids sticking together
- clouding of vision
- sensitivity to light
- secretion of pus
A purulent discharge is a sign of bacterial infection. Some people affected suffer from severe pain and a significant reduction in vision.
You should visit an eye doctor if symptoms of eye inflammation are present and they will conduct a slit lamp examination. Suitable treatment will be prescribed as soon as the doctor has ascertained which part of the eye is inflamed.
If eye inflammation is recognized and treated in time, the healing process is usually uncomplicated. Antibiotic eye drops are used for treatment if bacteria are the cause of the infection.
In the case of an allergic reaction, contact with the allergen should be avoided where possible. Allergic inflammation of the eye can be alleviated with special eye drops.
Antiviral eye drops are frequently used against viral infections. Eye ointments containing cortisone are also often prescribed.